Noro virus Information and Advice
buy moncler jackets Norovirus informationNoro virus, also known as Norwalk and the winter vomitting bug is highly contagious accounting for over 50% of epidemic, viral gastroenteritis cases. Of the calicivirdae family of viruses it is prevalent during the winter and an ongoing problem for hotels, cruise ships and care homes that accommodate large numbers of people who share public areas and facilities.
moncler outlet store The virus is self limiting and most people make a full recovery without need for medical assistance. After recovering from infection, immunity is usually short lived and incomplete. Immunity from one strain of the virus will not give immunity moncler coats cheap to another. Sufferers can expect to be immune to the strain that they were ill with for between three and six months. People often underestimate how virulent NV actually is and are convinced that they cannot catch it twice so therefore they must have food poisoning.
High risk foods such as salad and moncler outlet ny ready to eat foods cheap moncler coats for women are more likely to moncler outlet moncler outlet prices online harbor the virus especially moncler jackets men if handled by an infected person. Oysters harvested from contaminated beds have also discount moncler jackets been identified as a vehicle for the virus. I would ensure that a strict sickness policy is in place and that staff receive appropriate training with regard to food preparation. Staff and supervisors must be vigilant, especially during an outbreak in order to limit the scope of the outbreak.
cheap moncler coats The virus is common during cold weather due to the fact that people moncler jackets kids tend to congregate indoors when the weather is cold. Lower temperatures moncler outlet and less sunlight also aid the virus during the winter as it takes https://www.moncleronlineoutlet.com longer for the moncler outlet usa virus to die on contaminated surfaces such as door handles and moncler jackets for women hand rails. Less sunshine also lowers the human immune system making it harder to fight off a viral infection.
Large scale norovirus outbreaks tend to occur where people group in a confined space for prolonged periods of time. This is why cruise ships, hospital wards, hotels and care home are hard hit by noro virus outbreaks. Accommodation providers will have to deal with the fact that the ill people will not be able to leave until they are better, will need to be confined in order to protect other people and also that paying guests will be extremely irate.
cheap moncler outlet Symptoms include projectile vomiting, stomach cramps, high temperature, diarrhoea and nausea. The onset of symptoms is usually 12 to 24 hours after infection. There moncler outlets usa is no specific cure for infected persons, the virus must be allowed to run its course. Most people make a full recovery within a few days. The most important thing is moncler coats for cheap to ensure clients take on plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. To facilitate this I recommend regular visits by staff to rooms to replenish supplies.
moncler outlet Aerosolization of the virus can occur in some situations, for example when a person is sick or when the moncler jacket online toilet is flushed. The virus is only airborne for a short time however viral particles can land on surfaces and fabrics in the immediate area. Even a moncler coats carrier bag has been found to cause an outbreak.
cheap moncler Noro virus can be transmitted from person to person, via contaminated food or water and aerosolisation of the virus which subsequently contaminates surfaces and fabrics. Around 70% of people who are within a 3 meter radius moncler jackets mens of a vomiting episode moncler jackets outlet online by an infected person can become poorly. However the viral particles will land on the surrounding fabrics and hard surfaces which put other people who use this area at risk. Hard surfaces can remain a hazard for several days so it is crucial that a decontamination procedure is in place. Affected areas should not be moncler outlet online store used for at least 48 hours after a thorough clean and sanitization has taken place.
moncler outlet online The organism can affect all ages but is generally more severe in young children and the elderly. These are also the most vulnerable groups in society and often at risk of inadvertent exposure to the illness. Whilst senior citizens may be exposed in a residential establishment or guest house, moncler jackets children may come into contact with the virus at school or day nursery.
Controlling the virusThe most effective way to cheap moncler jackets outlet control Norovirus, limit its spread and reduce the chances of becoming infected, is hand washing and thorough hygiene. Hands should be washed with soap and water and you should not put your hands near your mouth if they have not been washed. This will prevent viral particles from your hands being ingested and also reduce the risk of cross contamination of surfaces that you touched.
monlcer down jackets Surfaces should be sanitized with a domestic bleach solution of 5 tablespoons of bleach per litre of water. Alcohol based cleaning agents and detergent are less effective in controlling norovirus as the virus does not have a lipid envelope. Hand gels should therefore not be used as a substitute for regular hand washing with soap and water. It is very important that chefs and kitchen staff are aware of this.
cheap moncler jackets What is Noro virus?It is a viral infection, not a bacterial infection and is therefore highly contagious. It is also known as Small Round Structured Virus (SRSV). It is present in moncler coats for men the Moncler Factory Outlet stools of an infected person once the virus has been ingested. During the incubation period an infected person may moncler jacket outlet not display symptoms but can infect other people. People are at the most contagious from the onset of symptoms up until at least 24 hours after the symptoms have passed and are advised not to handle food for moncler outlet canada at least 48 hours after the last symptoms passed. The virus can still be shed in peoples stools for several weeks after recovery.
What are the Symptoms of Noro virus?Projectile vomiting, watery diarrhoea and nauseaThe onset of symptoms can be from 12 to 48 hours after infection. Symptoms will generally be the sudden onset of nausea accompanied by projectile vomiting and watery diarrhoea. Some people may also experience aching limbs, fever, headache and raised temperature. Vomiting can often be sudden meaning moncler outlet uk that it often occurs in a public space, putting those in the immediate vicinity at risk of infection. You should avoid going to the doctors with norovirus symptoms as this will Discount Moncler Coats spread the virus about. You can get moncler jackets outlet information and advice about noro virus by telephoning NHS Direct on 0845 46 47. If symptoms persist for more than 48 hours you may be advised to see your GP. You should call the surgery first rather than just turning up. The virus is self limiting and most people make a full recovery within a few days. Recovering person remain infectious for several days after symptoms have passed and will pass the virus in stools for two weeks after recovery. Aches and pains can be relieved with over moncler outlet kids the counter medicines and using diarrhoea relief will not prolong infection.
image: Daily Mail
Where does the virus come from?Norwalk, Ohio after an outbreak of viral gastroenteritis at Bronson Elementary School in November 1968. These viruses account for over half of all reported outbreaks of viral gastroenteritis each year. The viruses only affect humans and are characterised by large outbreaks in the community.
moncler mens jackets Once you have ingested the viral particles they will make their way to your stomach. The virus does not do anything to cause illness until it reaches the small intestine. Here it attaches itself to the lining of the small intestine and releases bio genes. The bio moncler outlet mall genes cheap moncler jackets wholesale take control of the cells and create more copies of the virus.
moncler sale There is no specific cure or treatment other than to drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. An affected person should make discount moncler outlet a full recovery within 1 or 2 days, once the virus has run its course. Medical attention is rarely required moncler coats for women except in the most serious of cases. Special attention should be paid to young children and the elderly who can be harder hit by the symptoms and dehydrate more quickly.
The act of vomiting is cheap moncler jackets a secondary response to the virus and doesn’t actually help you to get rid of it. It is a natural response from your body and may make you feel better but the only way to get better is for your body to create the antibodies required to deactivate the virus. People with healthier immune systems are more likely to moncler jackets on sale overcome the virus quickly.
moncler sale outlet It is also safe moncler jackets toronto to take diarrhea relief such as Imodium. It will relieve the symptoms and does not keep the virus inside your moncler coats for kids body and prolong the illness. You will only be cured when your immune system has “switched off” the virus. Immunity is strain specific and short lived.
How do you get Noro virus?The only way to catch norovrus is the faecal oral route. You have to ingest the viral particles contained in the faeces or vomit of an infected person. You cannot breathe the virus in. However it is possible to swallow viral particles if an infected person is sick near buy moncler jackets toronto to you as the spray droplets may come up and touch your mouth womens moncler jackets or nose and enter your body. Up to 70% of people within three mettre of a vomiting episode can become infected via aerosol droplets of the virus. The airborne viral particles may also land on fabrics and surfaces, contaminating them with the virus. One vomiting episode may contain 30,000 000 viral particles whereas it only requires the ingestion of between 10 and 100 particles to become infected. Deep moncler outlets uk cleaning and disinfection of theses surfaces is vital to control the spread of the virus and these areas must Official Moncler Outlet be closed to the public for at least 48 hours.
moncler outlet sale Noro virus can often be traced back to a single food handler whether in a private household or workplace.
cheap moncler sale When you touch a surface or door handle, you are also touching whatever the last person left on there. If they have not washed their hands after using the toilet and are infected, they will leave viral particles on the surface. You cannot get the virus by simply touching an infected surface, you would need to put your hands on your mouth or nose in order to ingest the virus. It is therefore of utmost importance that frequent hand moncler outlet woodbury washing takes place, especially if you are about to eat or prepare food.